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Seminars Successfully Completed to Improve Ministry of Fisheries Staff Capacity

Somaliland has a long coast line of 850 km along the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. These waters are home to various species of fish. Unfortunately, Somaliland fishermen are currently capturing less than 5% of the estimated sustainable fish stock in Somaliland.

To promote fish production, improve living conditions of the Somaliland people and create job opportunities, the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) through the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources has allocated funds to implement the Strengthening Fisheries Management and Production Capacity Project.

The fisheries project is focused on three key objectives with capacity building of ministry staff considered as a main objective. Due to the shortage of qualified staff at the Ministry, there is a clear need for training. The fisheries project has carried out four trainings in Berbera and Erigavo and three more are planned for Sanaag. Since these trainings have largely benefitted field staff of the MoFMR, the seminars were carried out to build capacity of headquarters staff and provide them with an overview of pertinent topics in fisheries. The seminars were carried out over a six-month period from February to the beginning of July in 2017.

The Minister of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Mr. Ali Jama Farah, attended the closing event and handed out certificates together with the Project Manager.

2017.08.16 MoFMR Minister2

He stated: “I am very delighted to attend this seminar today as the last one of 19. I want to congratulate everyone who participated. This training was carried out on significant topics in fisheries providing certain areas of knowledge to help improve your current work.”

"You have definitely received an overview that you could not get anywhere else, since the country has no universities and schools to learn to fish. This training has offered a lot of knowledge about fisheries, “ the Minister added.

Muse Yusuf Ibrahim, a participant and Assistant Director of the Planning Department of the Ministry of Fisheries said, “The seminars were launched in February and ended in July 2017. There were 19 in total. The seminars were very important to me because of the long period that we partipated in them, while other trainings were short, and that makes the difference.”

2017.08.16 MoFMR Muse2

“I remember in 2015 I attended a workshop about fisheries, organized by a local NGO. I had no fisheries background at that time. I could not understand the presentations during the training sessions which made me unable to answer the questions following the training discussions. Now I have better knowledge about the fisheries and am ready to apply what I have learned,” Muse continued to explain.

“This training has really given me confidence to influence my duties, as well as provided all participants with a lot of knowledge on the value of fish and its different kinds. Thank you to the SDF and the Ministry team who helped and contributed to making this training a fabulous success,” Muse concluded.

Asraar Abdullahi Adam, emplyed at the Ministry of Fisheries' M&E Department, received her certificate for completing the seminars (2nd from left).

2017.08.16 MoFMR Certificates2

Explaining the importance of the training she said: “As I am a new employee, it makes me really happy to have participated and I am very fortunate to have had the opportunity to be educated on something I am interested in. Each session presented important topics in fisheries, prepared by a different participant and that made the training unique.”

“The communication barrier between me and the fishermen during our meetings in Berbera was the biggest challenge I have had during my work. I could not understand when they were explaining something about the fish, but now I am well educated and will understand,” Asraar concluded.

The SDF is a 4-year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap funding projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands.

Launch of Construction of the Water Technology Institute

The ground-breaking ceremony for the construction of the Water Technology Institute was held on 26 July 2017 in Hargeisa. The event marks the start of the construction of the renewed Water Technology Institute. The project is implemented by the Somaliland Ministry of Water Resources and is funded by the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF).

The institute, which provides short term vocational trainings, currently consists of one work shop and two small rooms. The Ministry will construct a one-story building and four classrooms. After completion of the construction, it is expected that the institute can admit more students in a regular way and provide a more advanced level of training.

The launching ceremony was presided over by Hussein Abdi Boos, Minister of Water Resources, and attended by senior officials from the Ministry of Water Resources and officials from the SDF Secretariat.

2017.07.26 MoWR WTI1

While speaking at the launching event, the Minister of Water Resources applauded the donors for their contribution to the development of Somaliland: “I am delighted to witness the ground-breaking ceremony for the construction of the Water Technology Institute in Hargeisa. This is the result of the joint effort of the Ministry of Water Resources and the donor community, through the SDF, whom we are very thankful to. This institute, when fully functional, will contribute major benefits to the Water Distribution System maintenances. The students graduated from the institute will be operating at different sites where boreholes and water supply systems are located. The graduates will be able to handle efficiently any technical problems occurring in these different locations, thereby reducing downtime of the systems and reducing the frequency with which we have to send engineers from Hargeisa. Students from this institute will be well educated and well equipped to continue their duties in an effective way”.

Other water project activities implemented by the Ministry of Water and funded by the SDF in Somaliland include:

  1. Development of a 25-year water supply master plan for Berbera (Sahil region)
  2. Expansion of Burco urban water supply system (Togdheer region)
  3. Comprehensive water study, detailed design and drilling exploration boreholes for Lasanood urban water supply system (Sool region)
  4. Drilling of a borehole and construction of Hadaaftimo water supply system (Sanaag region)
  5. Drilling of a borehole and construction of mini water supply system in Gargoorey (Awdal region)
  6. Detailed design for Elafwein water supply system (Sanaag region)
  7. Technical feasibility study, detailed design and construction of two dams in Fiqifuliye and Kulaal villages (Sanaag region)
  8. Detailed design and procurement of water distribution system supplies for Borama town
  9. Capacity building programme for the MoWR (at different levels)

2017.07.26 MoWR WTI2

The Somaliland Development Fund is a 4-year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap supporting projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). SDF is currently funded by the Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), the Royal Norwegian Embassy and the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The management of the SDF Secretariat has been contracted to BMB Mott MacDonald, an international consulting company, which is responsible for the management of the Fund on behalf of the Government of Somaliland and the donors. The SDF has allocated funding for various projects, implemented by the Ministry of Water as well as other Ministries/Agencies.

I Never Thought I'd Be a Student at Dayaha Boarding School

Sool and Sanaag regions have the worst access to education indicators in Somaliland. The two regions are located in the East of Somaliland, which is remote and difficult to access. In education, the main challenges stem from long-term inadequate resource allocations for maintenance of educational infrastructure, underpayment and shortage of qualified staff, and grossly insufficient educational materials and supplies.

To redress the situation, the Ministry of Education and Higher Studies has secured funding from the Somaliland Development Fund (SDF) to re-activate the first secondary boarding school project in Dayaha and Las Anod. The project will improve access to secondary education services for the people of Sool and Sanaag through the construction and rehabilitation of education facilities, the reactivation of management systems, and the establishment of robust financing mechanisms, aimed at providing access to poor and marginalised pastoral communities. The project will also reduce gender inequality in access to education services through the provision of girl friendly boarding facilities, ultimately leading to improved quality of lives and reduced poverty of the people in the two regions.

After passing primary school examinations, pastoralist students are eligible for secondary education. So far, access to this secondary education has been elusive. Students move to Erigavo and other Somaliland regions for access to secondary education. Dayaha boarding school, close to Erigavo, was well known in the pre-war era for its high-quality education.

Amina Jama Dirie, aged 17, is one of the beneficiaries of the project. She is from an agro-pastoralist family in Gudmo-Biyacas village 90 km west of Erigavo.

 2017.08.08 MoE Amina

Explaining how the project transformed her aspiration for secondary education, she said: “Amazingly, I have been enrolled in the historical Dayaha Boarding Secondary School. I never dreamed of gaining such a great learning opportunity. Dayaha Boarding School was one of the famous schools in Somaliland, and some of the current leaders of the country have graduated from this school.”

Last year, Amina and her young sister completed primary school examinations in Gudmo-Biyacas and now she is studying form one in Dayaha Boarding School.

“I was one of the first graduates of Gudma-Biyacas intermediate school. As there is no secondary school in our village and because of financial constraints, I was really disappointed to not attain secondary education.

Fortunately, after several months as Dayaha Secondary Boarding School is being rehabilitated, I faithfully enrolled at the school to continue my education with the tireless encouragement from my parents. Now I have free education with a full studying package and free accommodation. The study is currently providing me with good knowledge in 9 different subjects; I really have learnt a lot. I pray for those who donated the funds for rebuilding this school.

Ultimately, I would like to encourage other girls of my age to continue their study up to university level. To learn is always an advantage for your future.”

 2017.08.16 MoE Erigavo DSC 9989

The Sool and Sanaag Education Project is funded by the Somaliland Development Fund. The SDF is a 4-year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap funding projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands.

Water Is Such a Blessing

Somaliland is a water-scarce country and access to a safe and permanent water supply is a major problem. Against this background, the Somaliland Development Fund, through the Ministry of Water Resources, has funded the Water Resources Development Project. The project aims to improve the availability and access of water in Somaliland in a sustainable, equitable and environmentally safe way for all different uses.

The project also strengthens the institutional and operational capacity of the Ministry of Water Resources at central, regional and district levels in order to be able to rehabilitate and sustainably manage the nation’s water resources and to successfully deliver water services to all of Somaliland people.

The project is undertaking development activities of communal water infrastructure in nine locations across the country of which some have been completed, and others are in progress. One of these is Gargooray, a predominantly pastoralist community around 65 km north of Borama, the capital of Awdal region.

The area was notorious for its protracted water scarcity and the situation used to deteriorate during the dry season. Several attempts by the former Somali government to secure permanent water supply for this community turned out to be unsuccessful. However, this SDF funded Water Resources Development Project has drilled a communal borehole and completed the construction of utilization facilities, including a water reservoir, communal tap, kiosk and animal troughs. This benefits approximately 3,000 people and 150,000 livestock. The community members and their animals now enjoy access to hassle-free safe drinking water. Donkeys are used as pack animals, mainly for transporting water over rough and hilly terrains.

Malayko Muse, 53, is a single mother of 15 children, 8 boys and 7 girls. The children take care of the family animals (goats, sheep, camels and cattle) while she fetches water.

2017.08.08 MoWR Malayko

Malayko recalls the harrowing experience of losing her two donkeys after they were attacked by hyenas during the winter of 2015 while she and her donkeys were on their way to fetch water from Halimaale, a quarry that was several hills away.

“During the dry season, I used to wake up at 2:00 am in the morning to be at the water point as early as possible and to avoid the long queues. One day, my two donkeys and I embarked on our usual 8-hour journey to and from Halimaale water point. It was dark and chilly and I was walking behind the donkeys on a steep pathway, when suddenly a group of hungry hyenas attacked us. The donkeys fled but the hyenas chased them and within seconds, they were nowhere to be seen. I followed their hoof prints using my flashlight and after searching for around 30 minutes, I found their carcasses in the middle of nowhere. It was a devastating experience.

I collected the empty jerry cans, tied them on my back, and returned back home empty-handed, not knowing what to do. When I finally reached the locality, I approached one of my neighbours in the hope of borrowing a camel to use for fetching water from the same water point the same day. The neighbour generously lent me a camel and I was finally able to bring water home in the evening and prepare food for my children. When my story was heard by everyone in the community, they launched fundraising and bought me two donkeys after two weeks.”

Women were the main victims of the challenges of the scarcity of water, as fetching water is often their primary responsibility.

“The borehole drilling in Gargooray has been very successful and we are so grateful for all those who supported this effort. This is a relief for the long trek for water. Now it takes me about 40 minutes to fetch water from this communal tap,” adds Malayko.

2017.08.08 MoWR sheep

The SDF is a 4-year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap funding projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands.

From War on Nature to Savior

The 38-year-old Mustafa from Debis, Sahil region, has been working in the forest almost every day for the last 20 years cutting trees to secure a living for his immediate and extended family. He has been increasingly anxious about the nature of his job. Now, Mustafa is back to the vicinity where he used to conduct his charcoal business, but this time is different: he is participating in the conservation of the forest, turning from “war on nature to savior” as a result of a forestry project, implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Rural Development.

 2017.01.24 MoERD HIS1

Many parts of Somaliland are showing signs of environmental degradation due to overgrazing, biodiversity depletion, soil erosion, development of unplanned feeder roads, increased settlements and uncontrolled cutting of trees for charcoal. This degradation is not only a problem to the wildlife and biodiversity but also a threat to the nation and its pastoral lifestyle.

The Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project, implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Rural Development (MoERD), focuses on environmentally friendly and sustainable soil and water conservation interventions including soil bunds, check dams, establishment of forest nurseries and production of tree seedlings. Soil bunds, for example, reduce hillside run-off, increase water infiltration and prevent soil erosion. 

In Somaliland, charcoal production and limited recovery practices due to a lack of knowledge on post-harvest management techniques pose adverse environmental effects such as deforestation. Speaking on the environmental problem attributed to people like him working in charcoal production, Mustafa says: 

“Cutting trees brings calamity to everyone including mankind and their livestock: repetitive droughts are an imminent threat to all of us these days.”

 The project employed 290 casual laborers - mostly young men - who were formerly engaged in charcoal production. Mustafa also acknowledges the Ministry’s efforts to secure an alternative income, which is environmentally friendly, by employing the former charcoal producers for the construction of soil bunds.  

 “Today, charcoal producers have secured alternative sources of income through the project by being employed to build soil and water conservation structures.”

 2017.01.24 MoERD HIS2

The Enhanced Capacity Building for Sustainable Natural Resource Management Project is funded by the Somaliland Development Fund. The SDF is a 4-year fund designed to support the Government of Somaliland (GoSL) filling a critical gap funding projects that are fully aligned to the National Development Plan (NDP). The SDF is currently funded by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), and the Governments of Norway and The Netherlands.

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